Advanced Trigeminal Neuralgia Treatment In Hyderabad

Trigeminal Neuralgia treatment

A trigeminal neuralgia is a chronic neuropathic pain condition that manifests in paroxysms along the distribution of the trigeminal nerve, which transmits sensations from the brain to the face.

Clinical Features

Characteristics of pain

Accelerating factors

Causes of Trigeminal Neuralgia

Primary trigeminal neuralgia

Trigeminal Neuralgia is caused by pressure on the Trigeminal nerve close to where it enters the brain stem, the lowest part of the brain that merges with the spinal cord. This type of trigeminal neuralgia is known as Idiopathic

Secondary trigeminal neuralgia


Clinical diagnosis

Pain usually occurs unilaterally, bilaterally only in cases of multiple sclerosis, and comes in paroxysms.

A neurological examination

The doctor can determine exactly where the pain is occurring and  if you seem to have trigeminal neuralgia, which branches of the trigeminal nerve may be affected by touching and examining parts of your face. If your symptoms are caused by a compressed nerve or another condition, reflex tests can also help your doctor diagnose it.

MRI Brain in Feista View

There may be a compression of the trigeminal nerve due to an aberrant vessel or a tumour, or the trigeminal nerve may not be compressed at all.

Medical Management

First line drug

The most common drug used is carbamazepine. It is started at a low dose of 100 mg twice daily and increased up to a maximum of 800 mg. After this dose, there is very little effect and more side effects.

Second line drug

To reduce carbamazepine’s side effects and dose, gabapentin, baclofen, and lamotrigine are added.


Treatment for trigeminal neuralgia usually begins with medications, and some people do not need further medication. However, over time, some people with the condition may stop responding to medications, or they may experience unpleasant side effects. Trigeminal neuralgia can also be treated with injections or surgery. Your doctor will treat the underlying problem if your condition is caused by another condition, such as multiple sclerosis.


It is usually prescribed by your doctor to lessen or block the pain signals sent to your brain in order to treat trigeminal neuralgia

Other causes of neck pain include

Doctors usually prescribe carbamazepine for trigeminal neuralgia, and it’s been shown to be even more effective. Other anticonvulsant drugs that may be used in treating trigeminal neuralgia include oxcarbazepine, lamotrigine, valproate and phenytoin. Other drugs, including clonazepam, topiramate, pregabalin and gabapentin may also be used.

If the anticonvulsant you’re taking begins to lose effectiveness, your doctor may increase the dose or switch to another type. Side effects of anticonvulsants include dizziness, confusion, drowsiness and nausea. The drug carbamazepine can trigger a serious reaction in some people, mainly Asians, so a genetic test may be recommended before you begin taking it.

Ice is commonly used to reduce swelling and inflammation in the injured area. It can be applied in the form of an ice pack or cold pack, or through the use of ice massage.

The use of onabotulinumtoxinA (Botox) injections may reduce pain associated with trigeminal neuralgia in people who cannot be helped by medications. However, more research is needed before this treatment can be widely used

This is a chronic inflammatory condition that can affect any joint in the body, including the shoulder. Rheumatoid arthritis often leads to deformity of the joints over time.

A fall or other trauma can cause a break in one or more bones around the shoulder joint. This can lead to severe pain and disability.

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Interventional Pain Specialist MBBS DA FIPM


Interventional Pain Specialist